After becoming a people in the Carpatho - Danubian space, our Carpatho - Danubian ancestors started their migration to the lands propitious to life, now more and more numerous, as the ice cap had begun its withdrawal and as the climate had mellowed. Who can say how many ages or how many milleniums had passed until the lower hills got covered with forests? And who can tell when these forests "came to life" and became home and shelter for so many insects, birds, and animals? When did man, urged on by his curiosity, first populate / inhabit these forests, in his search for food?

If we cast a glance at Europe's map we can see the Carpatho - Hercinic chain continue the Tuningian one. On both sides there are rivers, some flowing to the North, others to the South. Thus, northwards we can see the hydro - geographic basin which includes the

Elba, the Odra, the Vistula and the Neman river(s), while the Danube's basin (also called the Istru) lies to the south (Danu - the Vedic goddess of the rain and of the rich meadows) and gathers almost all the rivers and streams springing on the southern side of the above - mentioned chain.

As the climate warmed up, the Carpatho - Danubian Pelasgians set off to conquer the pre - ancient world:

1. An early, northern, Baltic - Mazurian branch later divided into two, thus giving birth to two peoples: Germanic and Slav.

2. The second, southern branch of the Carpatho - Danubian people would give birth to contribute two subdivisions:

a) the south - eastern branch, including the Sumerians, the Trojan Ramantes people, the Hittites, and the Garamantes people (from northern Africa);

b) the south - western branch, which later helped form the so - called European Latin race: the Daco - Getes, the Thracians, the Illyrians, the Latins (the Romans) - the Italians, the Iberian - Spanish people, the Portuguese, and the French.

c)The eastern branch, which gave birth to the Vedic spirituality will later conquer Asia: the south of China - the Tarim Basin area (the Toch - Aryans), India (the Vedic Aryans), Japan (the Ainu population), etc.

All these conclusions come rather as a logical re-make, the existing evidence to this day being very little. The problem is what other pieces of evidence can be added to the few references we already know.

The area encompassed between the Atlantic Ocean and the sky - colored sea harbored an impressive cultural life: from the buffalo's "dance" discovered in the sanctuary - cave at Altamira (Spain) to the one found at Font - de - Gaume (France), from the "Ivory Feline" of Pavlov (the Czech Republic) to "Panther, horses and killed knight" discovered in the sanctuary - cave at Cuciulat (15,000 - 12,000 BC - Romania), from the "Gaie attacking", found in the sanctuary of the cave Gaura Chindiei (10,000 - 8,000 BC - Romania) to the strange cosmic (foreign/alien) shape of the bas relief of the sanctuary - cave at Sinca Veche. I recall with pleasure Mr. Ion Pachia Tatomirescu's Daco - Romania's notebooks speaking about a European, Pelasgian, cultural, archaic unity existing between 30,000 and 8,175 BC after which it got fragmented/divided into three. These three developed in the so - called "acme of the Neolithic age", becoming Western Pelasgia (from the Atlantic Ocean to the Alps), Central Pelasgia (from the Eastern Alps and Sardinia to the Nipru and the Getic Sea (the Black Sea), from the Northern Carpathians and the Baltic Sea - between the Oder and the Neamuna - and reaching as far as Sicily, Crete (The Thracian Sea being formed much later when the strip of land connecting Asia Minor to the Balkan Peninsula fell into the Mediterranean Sea, 4,000 years ago, leaving behind or forming thus a lot of new islands and a new sea: the Thracian Sea, which the Greeks later called the Aegean Sea.

Third comes Eastern Pelasgia, bordering on the Thracian Sea (Aegean), the Getic Sea (Black) and the Nipru, and reaching as far as the Don river, the Caucasian Mountains, crossing Anatolia and stopping at Cyprus Island.

While studying the prehistoric cultures and religions, the Euro - Asian cave art, Andre Leroi - Gournan was one of the first to demonstrate "the extraordinary unity of the figurative art", the permanence, persistence and continuity of the representations, both in time and space, from Asturia to the Don River. This cultural and demographic unity made it possible for the Europeans, the archaic Pelasgians to make their presence in the history of the world. This unity led to the formation of a common language - the archaic Pelasgian - used by the palaeolithical and mesolithical people. Its vocabulary contained first only the necessary words, but it enriched and diversified with each coming millenium. The linguistical changes made in the last 2,000 years speak a lot about what happened then, in the ancient years of the European prehistory, when the archaic Pelasgian language of the Carpatho - Danubian people gave birth, in remote Asia, to the Sanskrit language, while in south Europe the Vulgar Latin flourished, which later would develop into Cultivated Latin (only to disappear after less than 2,000 years).

The south - western Carpatho - Danubians spread their language everywhere; this explains why this basic (mother) language gave birth to the Daco -Roman language (the Vlachian language, Romanian), to Italian, Reto - Roman, Sardinian.

The language used by the eastern branch of the Carpatho - Danubians will be spoken between the Nipru river, Crimea and Don Caucas by those who formed the first and the second Kurgan waves (4,400 and 3,400 BC), and by their descendants, "who did not move place". Today's so - called "islands of Latinity" - the Kerson region or the Crimean Peninsula (today's Ukraine) or the eastern and north - eastern shore of the Caspian Sea (such as in Vachi, Khuchni, Kurakh - Dagestan, Russia), and on the Buzachi Peninsula or in Kazakhstan - surprise everybody, as the language these people speak is Eastern or Far Eastern Vlachian.

The Toch - Aryan people would reach the south of China, the Aryans, India, while the Ainu population, Japan.

The south - western branch of the Carpatho - Danubian people would lay the foundations of what we currently call "the old European civilization", an institution which, surprisingly, originates in the sacred Carpatho - Danubian space. The above mentioned concept was introduced by Marija Gimbutas, professor of archaeology and linguistics at the University of Los Angeles, California. She first mentioned it in 1971, at the 8th international congress of pre - historic and proto - historic sciences at Singidunum, Belgrade. This branch once settled on territories now located in Ukraine, The Moldavian Republic, Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Herzegovina, Bosnia, Croatia, Slovenia, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Hungary, Switzerland, Italy, having a northern extremity (Austria, The Czech Republic, Slovenia, Poland, and Lithuania), and a southern one (the Sardinian Islands, Sicily, Crete, Cyprus). This south - western Carpatho - Danubian branch flourished incredibly during the Neolithic Age, giving birth to the oldest system of writing in the world (Tartaria, Romania), and to fascinating temple architecture, remnants of which were found at Cascioarele (Romania), Cranon (Greece), Porodin (Macedonia), Gradesnita (Bulgaria), Parta (Romania), Sarmi-Seget-Usa (Romania - the pantheon of the Pelasgian, Aryan, Carpatho - Danubian people, who were known to worship the Sun; the name of the Suryan Mountains comes from Surya, as the Sun was called in the Vedic world). In the necropolis at Cernavoda (Romania), two ceramic statues were found, considered to belong to 4,530 BC, and representing "the primary couple": the father - the sky (Samasua) and the mother - the earth (Dakia), also passing as "the Ponto - Danubian thinker and his wife". Let us not forget that the geo - climatic conditions, but mostly the tectonic ones between 7,540 and 5,500 prevented our Carpatho - Danubian people from spreading. Thus, in the above mentioned period, in the aftermath of the tectonic cataclysm, the tectonic layer of the Black Sea moved higher by 40 - 180 m, flooding the Lower Danube Plain, creating the Bosforus Narrows, while the strip of land connecting the Balkans to Asia Minor fell into the Mediterranean sea, forming thus the Balkan Peninsula and the Thracian (Aegean) Sea and its islands. In the same period Koga - Ion, the sacred center, moved from the Bucegi Mountains (Vrancea's seismic center) to the Surya Mountain, at Sarmi - Seget - Usa (in the old Sanskrit language this meaning "I am in a hurry to flow).

Between 4,400 and 4,200 BC the first eastern wave migrates to Pelasgia; the "Kurgan" population, originating from the Don - Volga area (reaches the north - western Pontic steppes and the valley of the Danube. This first migrant wave of mounted warriors would stop before the confluence of the rivers Sausa and Drava with the Danube and would contribute to the Pelasgian Carpatho - Danubian migration beyond the Alps and especially to the Italic Peninsula.

The Carpatho - Danubian Pelasgians would manage a better administrative, military and religious organization in order to brave the migrant populations. Religious life will attain a revival in the name of their sacred deities, such as the god of war, Sol - ares (Young Sun), or of the cult of sol - ares (the son of the father - sky, "Sama - Sua", Salmos - Zalmos - Zalmoxis).

Their defense system will be constantly improved and their weapon "production" will be systematically perfected. Terra Aruteliensis (Ardeal) became one of the most important metallurgic centers of the then Europe.

Thus, the first Kurgan migrant population was assimilated by the native Carpatho - Danubians who were urged on and constantly aggressed by the migrant peoples; this mixture giving birth to a violent people, called "the Sun's warriors" and also known in the beginning of 4,400 - 3,900 BC as the Dacian people (Dax meaning saints, knights, warriors), and spoken of as "the most brave, honest, and just of the Pelasgian peoples (Herodotus, Histories, IV, 93).

The Carpatho - Danubian people invented:

1. the sickle (see the cultural establishments at Gumelnita - Karanoco and Cucuteni);

2. the curved flint knife, 30 cm long, which became, in the metal age, the Dacian curved sword, used both for cutting crop and the enemy's courage;

3. the deer corn or silex plough - share (later made of brass or iron);

4. the yoke, used for the oxcarts;

5. the two - edged silex axe, later made of brass and iron, melted into a burnt clay impression (typical of our Carpatho - Danubian people);

6. the potter's wheel and the cart wheel, both inventions being considered to belong to the Cucuteni Dacians;

7. the two -, three -, or four - wheel cart.

Our ancestors invented all these. Any other people in the world would take pride in these inventions. Not our people, though, who, possibly out of "modesty" (unless this is just an ill - understood lack of pride) keeps assuming a Latin - Roman origin, while neglecting their own true history.

The waves of migrant populations rushing from the east did not stop there: the second (3,400 - 3,200 BC) and the third (3,000 - 2,800 BC) Kurgan waves (numbering fewer people) did not have an important impact upon the local demography.

In the early days of 3,400 BC the demographic "pole" of the planet was placed in the Carpatho - Danubian - Pontic area. This explains why the half - nomadic populations coming from the steppes encompassed between the Dniepr River and the Ural Mountains, were attracted by the welfare and wealth of their neighbors living on the right bank of the Dniepr River. History speaks of certain "stud shepherds" who kept appearing into and disappearing from the big Carpatho - Danubian population. These nomad populations (such as the second and third Kurgan waves) reached western Europe, some of them even going as far as the Iberian Peninsula (today's Spain).

The Dacians protected Europe against the assault of the barbarians as much as the former's descendants would do centuries later. What brought these barbarian populations towards the borders of our country were their lack of civilization, hunger, the numberless robberies they were used to committing, and their disregard for honest work.

In the Bronze Age there appeared the Dacian Cotofeni culture, dominated by religious ideas, sacred symbols and patterns: the double spiral, the pine cult (see the pine branch pattern). Gebeeizis, "the clouds' dragon", appeared as the great god, having Bendis (the great goddess of the forests, of the moon, and of spells) at his side. The Carpatho - Danubian people spread into the world and conquered it, only to be partially defeated themselves; thus, the civilizations created by them - Pelasgo - Thracian - Mycenaean, Pelasgo - Thracian - Minoan, and Pelasgo - Thracian - Trojan - would be destroyed and conquered by another barbarian group which had migrated, in four waves, from the east of the Caspian Sea in 1,900 - 1,400 BC: the Achaeans, the Ionians, the Dorians, and the Aeolians, known later as Greek people.

They gradually settled in the south of the Balkan Peninsula and in Asia Minor, driving us away from the Thracian Sea islands (see the Achaeian Temistocles, the leader of the group who later conquered the Lemnos Island from the Sinthion Thracians in 500 BC). They are the ones who changed the name of the Thracian Sea into the Aegean Sea. They would later conquer and destroy Troy. Conquerors as they were, they were overwhelmed or absorbed by the Carpatho - Danubians' culture. They lent us their gods and mythological universe: Gebeleizis became Zeus, Bendis, the goddess, was turned into Venus, while Orpheus and Bacchus were assimilated without too many alterations, their Thraco - Dacian origin being frequently acknowledged as such.

As iron, gold and cattle were rather unsafe on the Dacian roads at the time, the Dacians decided to impose a heroic - religious, knightly order which promoted highly judicious rules according to the Dacian customs, and imposing the now famous Pelasgian (Pelagine, Bellagine, or Vlachian) laws, thus putting an end to the local robberies and thefts. The knights of this order - the sun 's knights - were equipped with iron weapons and clearly had the upper hand over their enemies.

As we have already mentioned, the Carpatho - Danubian Pelasgians divided into two branches: the southern one (the Vedic civilization) which has been partially covered, and the northern, early one, which in its turn gave birth to two big groups of peoples: the Slav and the Germanic ones.

One of the important documents speaking of Dacia and of its origin and descendants is Chronicle Roll or Moseley Roll, a historic chronicle whose original got lost but whose copies and manuscripts made in the 15th century, during the reign of Henry VI, can be found at the "University College" in London, "Corpus Chisti College" in Cambridge, and in the "Bibiotheque Nationale" in Paris.

The document is actually a /the genealogy and legend of the German peoples.

Thus Styeph, Steldius or Boerinus is considered to be the initiator or father of the Germanic peoples and to have nine descendants, each corresponding to the nine old Germanic peoples: Geate, Dacus, Suethedus, Fresus, Gethius, Wandalus, Iutus, Gothus, and Ciurinicius.

I am grateful to Dr. Alexandru Badin, my colleague from New Jersey, for his minute and thorough description of the connections between Eastern and Western Dacia. In his book Western Europe Dacia (New York, 1998, The Geryon Press), he brings to light a legendary history, never before unriddled / unraveled, and reestablishes or traces back the origins of Western Europe Dacia on a historical and scientific basis. However much our theories and opinions may differ at times, I still have the same consideration for him.

Going back to Boerinus' nine descendants (boier means nobleman in Romanian), it is obvious that they did not represent people but peoples; pre - history suddenly becomes a fascinating detective novel: how come that the Germans have their Germanic branches bear names such as geate and dacus?

Can it be that the arrival on nowadays' German territory of a Carpatho - Danubian tribe, right after the withdrawal of the ice cap, as the climate was warming, generated this legend? Or is it mere coincidence?

The Scandinavian hero, Beowulf, is known to have been the leader of a people called geate, geatas, guata or guatar.

In his book The Medieval Word / World (New York, New American Library, 1961) Friedrich Heer gives the description of three outstanding professors of the 13th century Paris University, all of them coming from northern Europe. One of them is Boetius from / of Dacia. His was the much debated theory of the "double reality", holding that knowledge and religion are two different principles, each valid and correct in itself. His heretical ideas were eventually put to silence in 1277, by a papal decree.

The geographic position of Dacia or of Boeticus' country is controversial. According to professor Jensen S. Skovgaard, the word "Dacia" had two meanings: the first referred to a member of a Dominican or Franciscan Order, this suggesting that the person was coming from province Dacia, a territory which included between its borders Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and Finland. The second meaning was alluding to the old Dacia mentioned in the medieval texts, a territory that also bore the name of Dania or Denmark.

Thus we find two different populations, living on two separate European territories, which nonetheless had the words Dacians and Dacia in use. One group belongs to eastern Europe (to the home of old Europe), while the other one to the north - western part of the continent, on the territory now occupied by Denmark (also called Dacia in the old Latin texts and referred to as province or region), Sweden, Norway, and Finland.

Curiously enough, Eastern Europe Dacia was mentioned in the written historical texts as early as the 2nd century BC, while the Western Europe one was first referred to much later, in roughly the 4th century AD.

Personally I do not think Boeticus of Dacia's national descent should be kept under debate between the Swedes and the Danes; maybe the key which could unlock the door to their pre - history lies somewhere else, in eastern Dacia.

Is it possible that these two provinces and two peoples having similar names and sharing many cultural, religious and linguistic customs do not have a historical common denominator, a common history and past or a similar origin?

The Carpatho - Danubian Pelasgians carried their symbols to all the provinces they conquered; this explains why we find the Pelasgian cross not only on a spear top at Torocello, near Venice, but also at Muncheberg (Germany), from the Balkans to Asia Minor, and from there as far as India, Korea, and Indonesia (the Bali Island). The oldest Pelasgian cross, over 7,000 years old, was discovered south of the Danube, on the territory occupied today by Bulgaria. The heraldic bird of the Romanian Country (or Province) - the Pelasgian raven, the sacred bird of God Mitra (the god of the sun, belonging to the oldest Vedic pantheon), was much worshipped in the Dacian provinces (see N. Densusianu, Dacia preistorica (Prehistoric Dacia), p. 426, Meridiane Publishing House, 1986) carries in its beak a Pelasgian cross, sometimes simple, other times, double; in the Slav Psalm Book, printed in 1575, the upper part of this cross takes the form of the old Pelasgian swastika, acknowledged as a symbol of the reborn sun or of the spring sun. The same cross can be found in the Slavo - Roman psalm book in 1577 (Branu and Hodos, Bibliografie rom., tome 1, 61 - 1576, 67 - 1577).

Negru Voda's tomb was discovered on July 31st, 1920; the stone lifted off the sarcophagus disclosed the perfectly preserved body of the Great Lord and Priest of the 13th century; his shroud too was covered with Pelasgian crosses.

The Little Chronicle of the Leire Kings, written in the 12th century AD speaks of Dan, king of Dacia, who reigned over the country for three years ("Erat Ergo Dan Rex in Dacia Per Triennium"). R.W.Chambers offers a very interesting footnote: Dacia = Den - Mark.

A reexamination of the Moseley Roll document shows that there is no reference either to King Dan or to the people called Dani; the first historical mentioning of them is made much later. Dani, Dania, Denmark are recent names which have replaced the old, traditional name of Dacia.

The arrival of the Danes from northern Scandinavia moved a part of the Dacian population to the territory occupied today by Holland, whose citizens still bear the name of Dutch people (pronounced very much like the Romanian word "daci") (see the Royal Dutch Oil Company, Dutch East India Company, Dutch Reformed Church, etc.).

Unfortunately, the Romanian people is now preoccupied more with its physical survival and less with its origins and true identity. Moreover, a long series of abnormal and dramatic events made this people forget or ignore its true roots.

It seems that the repeated efforts that have been made along history to have our people forget or ignore its national and historical identity have been partially successful. Let us not forget that a repeated lie may gain the status of truth, while a neglected truth may gradually be perceived as occult.

When will this "hypnosis" the Daco - Romanian people is still under come to an end? What stops the Daco - Romans from tracing back their true origin and history?

Evidently, TRUTH asks for two things: somebody to voice it and somebody to hear it!

The first step has been taken!