The world of the ceramic, of the wheel, of the plough, of gold, silver and copper metallurgy is the world of the old. And the writing with AA alphabet at Mitoc, or the geometrical alphabet at Vinca-Turdas-Rast.This led to the building of towns and fortresses in Anatolia, Palestine and Mesopotamia. Nobody knows whether this evolution (ceramic>ploughing>metallurgy>town) was the best solution man could find. Modern man is proud to look back in time at the apparition of the first towns. But the first towns and the first big states led to the first big wars. It seems the dichotomy between the rural and the urban world is responsible for the split between the Carpatho-Danubian and the Sumerian civilizations. In the villages, and in the woods the Vedes were created and preserved. The Thracians, the most numerous people after the Indes (Herodotus) refused to learn writing and rejected the urban world even in the acme of the Greek and Roman civilization. They preferred to vanish from history as they did not leave any written documents. The Dacians, a branch of the great Thracians, are known to have had one of the most advanced technologies of the ancient times, although they lived in the villages or in the mountaints.

Madonna from Rast, on the Danube, 5000 BC

Writing from Madona from Rast, 5000 BC

File from neoltithic book, Uroi, 5000 BC

Madonna from Turdas incrusted with the message in AA (angle alphabet)

Writing from Tartaria, 4500 BC

Ancient writing from Butuceni, Republic of Moldova

The spirals on the Traian-Dealul Fintinilor. Long-necked vase. Cucuteni Culture (A-B).

The columns of the sky, found at Draguseni. Binocular Vase. Cucuteni culture (A4).

The madona of Bodesti-Frumusica, with a carved geometrical pattern. Precucuteni Culture.

The spiral-patterned vase of Bodesti-Frumusica. Painted support vase.Cucuteni culture (A).

Carpatho-Danubian dogs barking at the moon.Valea Lupului. Cucuteni culture (B).

A very beautiful Carpatho-Nistrian madona stylized to a sand glass. Cucuteni culture (A-B).

The "hora" (round dance) of Bodesti-Frumusica. Fruit cup with its leg made of four stylized feminine silhouettes.Cucuteni Culture (A2).

The mirroring of the skies and earth, found at Izvoare. Cucuteni Culture.

The madona of Golovita. The feminine figure is molded geometrically. Hamangia culture.

Painted slender vase, painted with zigzag patterns, found at Podei, Tg. Ocna, Romania. Cucuteni culture (B).

Diamond-shaped figure, triangle and ellipses moving, discovered at Tirgu Ocna-Podei. Cucuteni culture (B).

The bird of Tirgul Frumos (Buznea). Cucuteni culture (B).

The thinker of Tirpesti. Precucuteni culture.

Two fighting beasts, found at Valea Lupului. Cucuteni culture (B).

Concentrical circles limit the fighting beasts'patterns. Large vase found at Valea Lupului. Cucuteni culture (B).

The big secant of Valea Lupului. Cucuteni culture (B).

The map of Precucuteni, Cucuteni A, Cucuteni AB and Cucuteni B cultures. 4900-3500 ani BC. (according to Marija Gimbutas)

Map indicating the Carpatho-Danubian cultures Gumelnita, Boian, Hamangia. The 5th millenium is exclussively dominated by the Danubian goddesses (according to Marija Gimbutas) The Danube is the first civilizing river of mankind.

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